Giant Sequoia - Sequoiadendron giganteum
A Sierra Nevada species, Giant Sequoia is a massive tree with a tapered trunk that can exceed 20 feet in diameter. Old trees may reach 300 feet in height. The tiny needles are borne in long sprays, and the oval cones are up to three inches in length. The reddish, fibrous bark is thick, providing excellent defense against fire. The top is conical on young trees but more irregular as the tree ages. The oldest known tree is more than 3,500 years old. Most old trees are now found in national parks, following extensive logging, even though the wood is not particularly good.