Valley Oak - Quercus lobata
An oak of open grasslands, this is a California species, found along the central coast and in the interior valleys and slopes. The trunk is broad and the crown of the tree widely spread; the branches of old trees may nearly sweep the ground. The leaves are lobed and hairy. The nut is elongated with a pointed tip and enclosed in a shallow cap; they ripen in a year and are favored by mammals and birds. Valley Oak requires good water and is thus most commonly found on deep soils. The tree can attain massive size, the greatest of any North American oak.