Douglas-fir - Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii
The coastal variety of Douglas-fir is immense, with old trees soaring to over 200 feet in height and boasting diameters of six feet or more. Extensively logged, at one time whole forests of these giants populated the lowlands of the Pacific Northwest. The needles are yellow-green in color, and the cones are distinctive with their protruding 3-pronged bracts. With a rapid growth rate, Douglas-fir is a pioneering species that soon soars above its associates but is shade intolerant. The bark of old trees is thick and deeply grooved; reddish in color, it resembles few other species.