Big-cone Douglas-fir - Pseudotsuga macrocarpa
The scientific name reflects the historic confusion as to what the "Douglas-fir" really was in its relationship to other species. There are only two species in North America, and at less than 100 feet tall, Bigcone Douglas-fir is the smallest; the related Pseudotsuga menziesii is much larger. Big-cone is restricted to southern California where it grows in dry sites from the lowlands to the mountains, but is more abundant at higher elevations. The bark is ridged. The needles are short and surround the twigs, and the cone is as much as eight inches in length.