Shore Pine - Pinus contorta var. contorta
This is the common variety of the Northwestern coast where it can form near-monocultures on windswept dunes. There the trees often live up to their name with contorted forms and are typically less than 30 feet in height. The short, yellow-green needles are stiff and twisted, borne two in a bundle, and the branches are widely spreading and often contorted. The bark is thick and furrowed, with scaly plates. The cones are asymmetrical and have prickles on the scales; they mature in 18 months and often remain closed.