Sierra Juniper - Juniperus occidentalis var. australis
This variety is distinguished from the more common occidentalis by range and the larger seed cones. Most trees are dioecious, meaning that the male and female cones are on separate trees. The "berries" are about 1/3 inch in diameter and are covered with a whitish waxy substance. The trees may reach 90 feet in height with a rounded crown and often ascending branches. It grows on rocky or dry slopes to elevations of 9,000 feet, primarily in the Sierra Nevada with a few scattered locations in the coastal ranges. This variety is given separate species status by some authorities.