Douglas's Hawthorn - Crataegus douglasii
A shrub or small tree, this is a northerly species widely distributed in the Pacific Northwest, where it is most abundant. It is also found east of the Rocky Mountains, as far as Michigan. The leaves are nearly as wide as they are long and are tapered at the base; they are toothed near the end. The straight thorns are up to an inch in length. Autumn color is orange-red. The white flowers are quite showy and are borne in leaf axils or at the end of the branch. The small blackish berry is edible. This hawthorn prefers moist ground but is adaptable to a wide range of soils.