Roughleaf Dogwood - Cornus drummondii
Sometimes a 20-foot tall tree but often shrubby, particularly in the northern part of its range, Roughleaf Dogwood is a midwestern species of elevations to 2,000 feet. It grows in forest settings and disturbed habitats, such as alongside roads. It is considered excellent for controlling soil erosion. The trunk is short, and the bark fissured and dark. The deciduous leaves are sometimes broadest at the base and are longer than wide; they are "roughened" with stiff hairs above. The flowers are borne at the tips of the branchlets in clusters that are rounded. The fruit is white.