Black Hickory - Carya texana
Named for the black bark, this hickory grows in the central Midwest from Texas to southern Illinois, west of the Mississippi River. It is a hickory of dry, upland habitat, to an elevation of 2,300 feet. The trees are small, to 40 feet or so, with a trunk less than two feet in diameter. The bark is thick and fissured, and the branches are often crooked. The leaflets are hairy when young, and the lower surface is covered with glandular scales. The fruits are small and sometimes borne in clusters, and the nuts are rounded, ridged, with a thick shell; the kernel is sweet.