Balsam Fir - Abies balsamea
An eastern fir with an extensive range across Canada, Balsam Fir is named for its fragrance; it is thus a popular Christmas tree, grown in "plantations." The resin is used in the production of Canada Balsam, a "glue" used in optics. The trees are small to medium-sized (to about 50 feet tall) and grow from low to high elevations, and is the most widely distributed fir on the continent. The needles are glossy above, with white stomatal lines beneath. They are especially fragrant when crushed. The cone is up to 4 inches in length and positioned upright on branches.